Exegesis of the Qur’an (Tafsir): Muhammad

Be inspired by the lessons found in ‘The Chapter of Muhammad’ (Surat Muhammad), the 47th chapter of the Qur’an.

 Avatar    Thaqib Mahmood

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Time & Location

Sundays 10:30 am – 11:30 am

15 January – 12 March 2023

In-person: Ruskin College, Room G.03, Dunstan Road, Old Headington, OX3 9BZ

Online: Delivered via Zoom

Recordings of each lesson will be posted within a day. All recordings will remain accessible for the academic year.

Course Description

Surah Muhammad is a Medinan surah of 38 verses, the 96th surah to be revealed and the 47th surah in the mushaf. The central theme of this surah is the opposition between believers and disbelievers, and the underlying motivations and beliefs that inform the actions of each. Throughout the Qur'an, believers are encouraged to be patient and overlook the oppression by disbelievers, knowing that all return to God for final judgement. However, in verse 20, believers are urged to stand up and fight against their oppressors. This is followed by a description of the hypocrites, the underlying reasons for their aversion to the truth, and the inevitable outcome they will face on the Day of Judgement. The surah concludes with an indication of a promise from God that believers will be granted rule and authority over their oppressors. However, it is not without caution that they, too, can be replaced if they become like those they had confronted.

We start the winter term by resuming our commentary of Surah Muhammad from verse 18. The surah previously mentioned certain defining behaviours and attitudes of disbelievers, believers, and hypocrites and the bearing this will have for each on the Day of Judgement. In verse 18, Allah returns to warn the disbelievers to recollect their purpose before it is too late by the coming of the Hour.

About the Instructor

Thaqib Mahmood

Sheikh Thaqib Mahmood is a traditionally-trained Muslim scholar and instructor in Arabic. He has studied the traditional Islamic disciplines in Yemen, Syria, the UK, Mauritania, and Turkey. He currently teaches Arabic at the Faculty of Theology and Religion at the University of Oxford. He holds a PGDIP in Arabic teaching from the School of Oriental and African Studies, and is completing a Master's degree in linguistics at the same institution.

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